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This week I am going to continue in our series about the Great Words
of the Gospel. This week I am going to look at a word that is not used
very often, but it is a very powerful word that is central to our faith
in Christ. The word is Imputation.
Imputation or the Doctrine of Imputation not only helps understand
our need for salvation, it also helps us to understand what Christ has
done and what we have because of Christ’s death for us.
In today’s message I want to tell three stories of people I have
spoken to over the years. One I was sharing my faith with, one shared a
testimony at church and I talked to them afterwards and one was a
Christian that needed to understand what we have in Christ. Then I will
look at the topic of Imputation and share three things that the Bible
tells us about Imputation.
Let us pray.
Romans 5:11-2111 So now we can rejoice in our wonderful new
relationship with God because our Lord Jesus Christ has made us friends
of God.12 When Adam sinned, sin entered the world. Adam’s sin
brought death, so death spread to everyone, for everyone sinned.13
Yes, people sinned even before the law was given. But it was not counted
as sin because there was not yet any law to break.14 Still, everyone
died–from the time of Adam to the time of Moses–even those who did not
disobey an explicit commandment of God, as Adam did. Now Adam is a
symbol, a representation of Christ, who was yet to come.15 But there
is a great difference between Adam’s sin and God’s gracious gift. For
the sin of this one man, Adam, brought death to many. But even greater
is God’s wonderful grace and His gift of forgiveness to many through
this other Man, Jesus Christ.16 And the result of God’s gracious
gift is very different from the result of that one man’s sin. For Adam’s
sin led to condemnation, but God’s free gift leads to our being made
right with God, even though we are guilty of many sins.17 For the
sin of this one man, Adam, caused death to rule over many. But even
greater is God’s wonderful grace and His gift of righteousness, for all
who receive it will live in triumph over sin and death through this one
Man, Jesus Christ.18 Yes, Adam’s one sin brings condemnation for
everyone, but Christ’s one act of righteousness brings a right
relationship with God and new life for everyone.19 Because one
person disobeyed God, many became sinners. But because one other person
obeyed God, many will be made righteous.20 God’s law was given so
that all people could see how sinful they were. But as people sinned
more and more, God’s wonderful grace became more abundant.21 So just
as sin ruled over all people and brought them to death, now God’s
wonderful grace rules instead, giving us right standing with God and
resulting in eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.
Story 1 – The first story is of a man we met when we were out going
door to door in Perth. We were in one of the more well to do suburbs and
in the main street of the area. It was what they call a dress circle.
All the houses were very large, had all the features and backed on to a
lake. They were the sort of houses that people talk about they would buy
if they won lotto. When we approached the house the owner was out the
front mowing his lawn. His lawn mower looked like it cost more than my
car ( a Mitsubishi Scorpion) and the clothes he was wearing to mow the
lawn were better than my Sunday best. He had two cars in the garage – a
BMW and a Mercedes. He had a speed boat and a Harley. He looked very
well off. Anyway, we said hello and said we were from the local church
going door to door. We talked about faith, life, the Bible, church and
Jesus. He talked openly about life and his experience with church as a
child, but then he said that he came to the point as adult where he
decided he didn’t need God. He explained that he was a good person who
gave money to charity, he treated people well and he looked after his
family – so he wasn’t a “sinner” like others he knew. He knew about sin
and understood Jesus died on the cross for him, but it did not rate in
his life. In the end, he turned, pointed to his house and garage and
said, “Do I look like I need God”. He thanked us for coming, but
basically said “No thanks”. We went on our way with thoughts of three
Bible characters in our minds – the rich young ruler who Jesus asked to
give everything away and follow Him, the Pharisee in the Temple who
thanked God he was not like the Tax Collector and reminded God of all he
did, and finally business man who wanted to build bigger barns so he
could sit back and relax, but that day his life was demanded of him.
Story 2 – The second story was of a man I met at Church many years
ago. He was a nice man in his late 50s who was a fairly new Christian.
He shared his testimony of how he had not always been a nice man. He
talked of his time in Asia of where he headed up a crime syndicate
called the Triads. He was involved in drugs, illegal gambling and having
people killed. He talked about how it was nothing for him to have
someone killed or even do it himself. He talked about the crimes he was
involved with over many years. One day he met someone who shared Christ
with him. At first, he wanted to have him killed, but before long he
wanted to give his life to Christ. He learned that Jesus could forgive
his sin and help him turn his life around, but first he had to confess
him sins to God. He decided to include them all. He wrote 13 pages of
sins on paper. Thirteen pages of the most horrible things a person could
do. He understood Jesus could take them all and He would forgive him, so
he wanted to include them all. Jesus did and he turned his life around.
So much so that he went to the local Police Commissioner to face
justice. The Police Commissioner thought long and hard before deciding
to let him go. He saw that his conversion was real and he was relieved
to have him off the streets.
Story 3 – The final story is of a lady I met who was a lovely lady in
her 40s. She had given her life to Christ about 10 years before and done
her best to follow Jesus wholeheartedly. It was not until we talked at a
deeper level about her faith and life that she opened up to me. She had
received God’s salvation and forgiveness, but she could not forgive
herself or see herself right with God. You see as a young lady she was
heavily involved in drugs and she had worked as a prostitute. During
this time, she got pregnant several times and she had abortions. She had
no time for kids as she had to keep working. While she had received
forgiveness from God, this ate away at her soul. She could see herself
as right with God or see herself as righteous in God’s eyes. She loved
the Lord and followed Him wholeheartedly, but could not get passed her
Three stories of three very different people. Three people who needed
both God and the forgiveness He offered. Two had it, but one needed to
believe more of what God had given her. This is where Imputation comes
into to my message today.
What is Imputation?
Imputation is another legal word. In the legal world, it is the
charging or reckoning something to someone’s account.
Imputation takes words or actions and ties them to a person or a
cause. It also has implications of transferring something to someone
We see Imputation is a very important word for us as Christians
because it helps us to understand the Gospel more fully.
Imputation has three main implications for us.
1. Adam’s sin is Imputed to us all.
In our reading from today we saw that God imputes Adam’s sin to all
other members of the human race.
Romans 5:12 tell us that, “When Adam sinned, sin entered the world.
Adam’s sin brought death, so death spread to everyone, for everyone
The Bible tells us in Genesis chapter 3 that Adam sinned and was cast
out of the garden paradise that God has placed them in. As a result, all
mankind became separated from God because we are all descendants of
We know in our natural state without Christ we have a tendency
towards sin because Adam’s sin brought it into the world. It seems
appealing and enticing and we are drawn towards it. It doesn’t matter if
it is in word, deed or thought. It is still sin if it is wrong in God’s
So, Adam’s sin had both an immediate consequence – being cast out of
the garden – and a mediate long term consequence, it spread to all his
descendants – us. It was imputed to the entire human race.
The man that I spoke of in the first story did not think he was a
sinner personally, but he needed to understand that sin had been
transferred to us all from Adam. He could not see his sin because he put
himself on a pedestal in the place of God. When we place ourselves on a
pedestal, it is easier to look down at the sin of others and not see our
own sin. It is easier to see the speck in others and miss the log in our
own. We can see the sin of the world and be blinded to our own. It is my
hope and prayer that this man has since seen his own sin and realised
that Adam’s sin is passed on to him also. It is my hope that he placed
Jesus on the pedestal of his life.
2. Our sin is Imputed to Christ
The second thing the Bible reaches us about Imputation is that our
sins are Imputed to Jesus Christ. Central to the message of salvation is
the good news that the entire sin of the human race has been transferred
to Jesus and born by Him on the cross of Calvary.
2 Corinthians 5:21 tells us that, “God made him who had no sin to be
sin for us, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God”.
Jesus lived the perfect sinless life. He was the only one in all
history who did live a sinless life and the only one who could live a
sinless life. That is why His life was the perfect offering for sin. He
could be made sin, because He had no sin of His own. He was not part of
Adam’s sin because His birth was supernatural from heaven. We will
celebrate this as part of the Christmas story in a few weeks.
Matthew 20:28 echoes this though when it said, “Just as the Son of
Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a
ransom for many.”
Hebrews 9:15 also says, “For this reason Christ is the mediator of a
new covenant, that those who are called may receive the promised eternal
inheritance–now that he has died as a ransom to set them free from the
sins committed under the first covenant.”
Jesus came to pay the price and ransom us from the penalty of sin.
The man from the second story understood the good news of the gospel
when he wrote down 13 pages of sin that he had committed. He took weeks
to compile the list, because he knew all of them were placed on Jesus.
He knew Jesus died for him and he wanted to confess as much as he
possibly could. He knew God could cleans him and forgive him of
everything, because Christ took all his sin. He understood the
imputation of his sin to Christ.
3. Christ’s righteousness is imputed to us.
In the third point, we are going to look at some great news. Not only
have our sins been taken by Christ’s death on the cross, we have been
given Christ’s righteousness as a replacement. It is a beautiful
exchange as the song says.
The last part of our reading says, “17 For the sin of this one man,
Adam, caused death to rule over many. But even greater is God’s
wonderful grace and His gift of righteousness, for all who receive it
will live in triumph over sin and death through this one Man, Jesus
Christ. 18 Yes, Adam’s one sin brings condemnation for everyone, but
Christ’s one act of righteousness brings a right relationship with God
and new life for everyone. 19 Because one person disobeyed God, many
became sinners. But because one other person obeyed God, many will be
Christ’s righteousness is imputed to us. It is credited to our
account. We are no longer separated from God with a death sentence upon
us. We are right with God and Christ’s righteousness is ours. As I said
a few weeks ago, the blood of Jesus covers us completely.
1 Corinthians 1:30 – It is because of him that you are in Christ
Jesus, who has become for us wisdom from God–that is, our righteousness,
our holiness and our redemption.
The lady in the third story could not accept this. She believed Jesus
died for her, that her sins were forgiven by God, but she could not
forgive herself. She held on to her guilt and shame, which did not
belong to her any more. The righteousness that Christ offered like in
the image on the screen was hers, but she could not bear to put her arms
out to receive it. As a result, she lived way below where God wanted her
For us today as Christians we need to understand that not only are
our sins forgiven, but Christ’s righteousness is credited to us. I stand
here today as a man who knew the depths of depression and the weight of
sin. I knew what it was to not forgive myself, but Christ changed that
and I can now say though my sins were as red as crimson, they are now as
white as snow. God sees them no more, He just sees the righteousness of
Christ. It is the same for you too. It is my hope and prayer that you
will feel this way too. That you can understand Christ’s righteousness
is yours. You are the righteousness of Christ.
Today we looked at one of the key words of the Gospel message –
Imputation. We saw that Adam’s sin was imputed to the entire human race.
But the good news is God did not leave it that way, our sins were
imputed to Christ on the cross where He paid the price. Now we are fully
forgiven and free from the penalty of sin and Christ’s righteousness is
credited to us. That is some Good News!
By Dave Quinn
Founder of PASSION Australia
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